Electric mobility is an important factor in the reduction of greenhouse gases in the transport sector. But what does it actually do for the climate? Here you will find informative answers on three central questions on the topic.
With currently 28% (not including international air traffic), the transport sector is one of the largest producers of greenhouse gases in Austria. A total of 99% of transport-related greenhouse gas emissions are produced motor vehicle traffic (meaning cars, buses and trucks) - and more than half from car traffic.
The electric motor provides technology that has massive potential to convert the propulsion system based on renewable energy and thus significantly reduces oil dependency (among other things, Austrian traffic is responsible for 80% of Austria’s oil consumption). That way a relevant contribution to a more climate-friendly traffic in Austria can be made.
Electric motors do no only reduce the noise pollution caused by traffic, but also the pollution caused by particulate matter and nitrogen oxides. However, the contribution of electric vehicles to reduce greenhouse gases is strongly dependent on electric production. Electric cars do not succeed in ensuring completely emission-free and resource-saving mobility. But considering the entire cycle of vehicle life (including production and domestic electricity production), electric vehicle cause 70-90% less greenhouse gas emission than fossil-fueled vehicles.
A switch to electrically powered vehicles is also associated with a higher electricity demand. But they are subsequently much more energy-efficient than motor vehicle. Thus, the total energy consumption can be reduced again by switching form fossil to electrically powered vehicles.